La desigualdad: una respuesta radical, por Peter Marcuse

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Peter Marcuse's Blog

Blog #81d – Inequality: A Radical Response

A Radical response, in a traditional fully socialist view, would approach inequality in a quite different way. It would define unjust inequality not in terms of the quantitative mal-distribution of the wealth of society but in terms of the source of that mal-distribution, economically in the exploitation of labor by capital (which includes the maintenance of unemployment to create a “reserve army of the poor” at the bottom to buttress the power of employers), and politically in the oppression of the ruled by the rulers.  The injustice of inequality lies, in the Radical view, not in the quantitative dimensions of inequality, as in Piketty, or simply in the harm to those at the bottom, as in the Liberal view, to be dealt with by anti-poverty programming.The injustice  lies in how the mal-distribution of wealth and incomes came about in the first place…

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¿Cuál es el problema? No es solo la desigualdad, por Peter Marcuse

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Peter Marcuse's Blog

WHAT’S THE PROBLEM? NOT JUST INEQUALITY

Inequality today is usually equated with the extent of the gap between the 1% and the 99% that that the Occupy movement brought to public attention, or that Bernie Sanders highlights in properly criticizing the distribution of wealth and income in the United States. But this is a mischievously facile definition of inequality. Some inequalities are in fact fair, and result from differences in talent, physical strength, luck, and commendable effort. Gross disparities are a vivid indicator of a problem, but do not draw attention to its causes, which lie in critical social, economic, and political relationships,. To focus on the gap itself and to address it with remedial measures aimed at narrowing its extent detracts attention from those causes.[i]

 Just and Unjust  Inequality: Why the Difference Matters

Equality and inequality are deceptively simple concepts. In the modern era they came into prominence…

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Every Revolution Has Its Square

cities@manchester

Tahrir Square - February 9, 2011

Erik Swyngedouw at the School of Environment and Development offers us the following intervention into on-going debates over the place of public space in the enactment of politics. A longer version is forthcoming in Political Geography.

Tiananmen square, Place de la Bastille, Red Square, Alexanderplatz, Tahrir square, Assaha-al-Khadra, Syntagma Square, Green Square, Wenceslas square: these are just a few of the public spaces that have become engrained in our symbolic universe as emblematic sites of revolutionary geographies. Their names stand as points de capiton that quilt a chain of meaning through signifiers like democracy, revolution, freedom, being-in-common, solidarity, emancipation. The emergence of political space, these examples suggest, unfolds through a political act that stages collectively the presumption of equality and affirms the ability of ‘the people’ to self-manage and organize its affairs. It is an active process of intervention through which (public) space is reconfigured and through which – if…

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Discussion of Lefebvre’s Rhythmanalysis

urbanculturalstudies

Good afternoon,

We would like to invite you to a continuation of a series of events that the Department of Spanish and Portuguese at the University of Arizona has launched in Virtual Reality for the academic year of 2015-2016. They will take place at Cibola, the Department’s home in Second Life. Next conversation will be between Malcolm Compitello (The University of Arizona), Susan Divine (College of Charleston), Juliana Luna Freire (Framingham State University), Megan Saltzman (West Chester University) and the new Cibola Manager Laura Vazquez Blazquez (ABD, The University of Arizona). It will be about the relationships between urban studies and Hispanic culture. Everyone is welcome!

For Thursday, 1/21, we will be discussing Lefebvre’s Rhythmanalysis. If you need the text, please let us know. We will meet  at 5:00 p.m. Tucson time (7p.m. EST). 

We hope to see you at the event. In order to access Cibola, you will need to install Firestorm in your computer…

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Releyendo “Urbanismo y Desigualdad Social” de David Harvey

Isotropía

 Harvey es probablemente el geógrafo vivo más reconocido. Teórico brillante y marxista declarado, su influencia se extiende mucho más allá de la geografía, hacia el conjunto de las ciencias sociales, siendo un referente fundamental para los estudiosos de la ciudad desde un enfoque crítico. Urbanismo y desigualdad social, publicada por primera vez en 1973, es una de las obras clave del autor, especialmente conocida por presentar la ruptura del geógrafo con los planteamientos neopositivista, predominantes hasta ese momento en el ámbito anglosajón, y sustituirlos por un enfoque marxista. De esta forma, el libro se convirtió rápidamente en una obra paradigmática, que abanderó el cambio de posición epistemológica de muchos científicos sociales en la década de los setenta, durante el auge de las ciencias sociales críticas y de la geografía radical. Valga decir también que muchos de estos científicos, que abrazaron el marxismo en los efervescentes años setenta, volverían a los…

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La teoría de la solución espacial de Harvey

Isotropía

La mayor parte de la obra de David Harvey se ha dedicado a establecer las bases de lo que él denomina materialismo histórico-geográfico. En sus obras más conocidas, el autor señala la escasa atención que prestó Marx al espacio e intenta compensarlo, para lo que parte de sus textos originales y el método dialéctico. De las aportaciones realizadas por el autor en este sentido, una de las más conocidas es la teoría del ajuste o solución espacial a la crisis (spatial fix).

Aunque esta teoría se desarrolla fundamentalmente en su obra Limits to Capital, algunos elementos de la misma ya empiezan a intuirse en su obra anterior Urbanismo y Justicia Social (mucho más difundida en el ámbito hispanoparlante). De hecho la primera, en gran medida, se dedica a desarrollar aspectos de la teoría histórico-geografía introducidos en la segunda. En Urbanismo y Justicia Social, Harvey explica las ciudades…

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“Unravelling Capital’s contradictions”: David Harvey (subtítulos en castellano)

Vídeo:

Geógrafo y teórico social británico, distinguido profesor de la City University de Nueva York (CUNY) y Miliband Fellow de la London School of Economics. Director de The Center for the Place, Culture and Politics, y autor de numerosos libros.
Es uno de los 20 autores más citados en humanidades, y sus libros y ensayos han sido de gran influencia el desarrollo de la geografía moderna.

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Intervention – “Towards a Metaphilosophy of the Urban” by Andy Merrifield

AntipodeFoundation.org

I suspect I’m not the only one thrilled by the prospect of seeing Henri Lefebvre’s great philosophical tract, Métaphilosophie, from half-a-century ago, finally make it into English. Thanks to the dedicated steady work of Stuart Elden, rapidly becoming Lefebvre’s Anglophone ambassador (I’m tempted to say an English Rémi Hess, but that wouldn’t be kind), and David Fernbach’s considerable translation skills, Metaphilosophy is due out next spring with Verso. This might well be the philosophical event of 2016. The translation has a wonderful postface essay by Marxist scholar Georges Labica, a former philo prof at Nanterre.[1] Labica says Métaphilosophie is a very important book, as important for us today as it was important for Lefebvre himself back then. Indeed, it’s perhaps Lefebvre’s most important work, says Labica, a milestone text, the most satisfactorily executed and the best organised of all his books, demarcating what he once did from what he…

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